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Private Investigator Andover 1 Burnhams Close Andover EN SP10 4NJ
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Kimble Cottage Bed and Breakfast Abbotts Ann, Andover, Hampshire SP11 7BG, United Kingdom
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Lanna Thai Massage 8 Junction Rd, Andover, Hampshire SP10 3QT, United Kingdom
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Premier Inn Andover West Portway Ind. Estate, Joule Rd, Andover, Hampshire SP10 3UX, United Kingdom
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Andover Dental Practice 38 Bridge St, Andover, Hampshire SP10 1BW, United Kingdom
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The Queens Head 32 High St, Wherwell, Andover SP11 9PZ, United Kingdom
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Persimmon Homes The Paddocks Off London Road, Andover, Hampshire SP11 6LF, United Kingdom
+44 844 248 1099
Hendy Ford Easton Ln, Winchester, Hampshire SO23 7RR, United Kingdom
+44 1962 863344
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About Andover

Andover, Hampshire

 

 

 

Andover is a town in the English county of Hampshire. The town is on the River Anton some 18.5 miles (30 km) west of the town ofBasingstoke, 18.5 miles (30 km) north-west of the city of Winchester and 25 miles (40 km) north of the city of Southampton. Andover is twinned with the towns of Redon in France,[2]Goch in Germany, and Andover, Massachusetts in the United States.





History

 

 


Its name is recorded in Anglo-Saxon in 955 AD as Andeferas, and is thought to be of Celtic origin: compare Welsh onn dwfr = "ash(tree) water".

Andover's first mention in history is in 950 when King Edred is recorded as having built a royal hunting lodge there. In 962 King Edgar called a meeting of the Saxon 'parliament' (the Witenagemot) at his hunting lodge near Andover.

Of more importance was the baptism, in 994 of a Viking king named Olaf (allied with Danish king Sweyn Forkbeard). The identity of that man was either Olav Trygvason or Olof Skötkonung. The baptism was part of a deal with King Ethelred II of England (“The Unready”) whereby he stopped ravaging England and returned home. Olav Tryggvason became king ofNorway in 995 and tried to convert his country to Christianity before his death in battle in 1000. Olof Skötkonung was already king of Sweden and became its first Christian king and began c. 995 to mint Sweden's first coins with the help of English expertise.

At the time of the Domesday Book (1086) Andover had 107 male inhabitants and probably had a total population of about 500. It was quite a large settlement by the standards of the time. (Most villages had only 100 to 150 people). Andover also had 6 watermills which ground grain to flour.

 

 

 

Norman arch c. 1150. All that remains of the Old St Mary's Church.

In 1175 King Richard I sold Andover a charter granting the townspeople certain rights, forming a merchant guild which took over the government of the town. The members elected two officials called bailiffs who ran the town. In 1201 King Johngave the merchants the right to collect royal taxes in Andover themselves. In 1256 Henry III gave the townspeople the right to hold a court and try criminals for offences committed in Andover. Andover also sent MPs to the parliaments of 1295 and 1302-1307. The town was ravaged by two serious fires, one in 1141 and another in 1435.

Andover remained a small market town. Processing wool appears to have been the main industry and street names in the area of the town known as “Sheep Fair” commemorate this. A weekly market, and an annual fair were held.

 

 

 

As well as the Church of St Mary the town had a priory and a hospital run by monks, dedicated to St John the Baptist, and also a lepers hostel to St Mary Magdalene. In 1538 during the Reformation Henry VIII closed the priory and the hospital. In 1571 a free school for the boys of Andover was established. This in time became Andover Grammar School, and is now John Hanson Community School. (Which has since been demolished and rebuilt not far from two primary schools in the town. The site which was once John Hanson, now acts as a housing district.)

In 1599 the town received a new charter from Elizabeth I. The merchants guild was made a corporation and the number of annual fairs was increased from one to three. Like other towns Andover suffered from outbreaks of plague. There were outbreaks in 1603-5, 1625-6 and 1636.

 

 

 

 

Mills and milling

 

 

 

Watermills have played an important part in Andover's history. The Domesday Bookof 1086 provides the earliest record of watermills in Andover, which identifies six mills.

Rooksbury Mill is one of the few surviving mill buildings in Andover. The existence of Rooksbury Mill is first recorded by name in the 17th century. Functioning as a flour mill, it has passed through a succession of owners. Milling ceased in the early 20th century, after which the mill building went through a series of uses including being used as a small theatre. Test Valley Borough Council sold the building in 2002, shortly after it had been devastated following an arson attack. The new owners, Anthony and Sarah de Sigley, restored the building in 2003, rebuilding much of the original structure.

A large flour mill, MacDougalls, is situated close to the railway station.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Education

 

The town is served by state, independent and special schools. Secondary education is provided by three state schools. John Hanson Community School formerly Andover Grammar School, which dates back to the 16th century and is the oldest school in the town, Harrow Way Community School and Winton Community AcademyRookwood School
, an independent day and boarding school, caters for pupils aged 3 to 16. Another local independent school is Farleigh School, a Catholic prep school. There is one sixth form provision, Andover College, formerly known as Cricklade college.

 

 

 

 

 

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andover,_Hampshire


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