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Dunelm Mill Manners Rd, Ilkeston, Derbyshire DE7 8EG, United Kingdom
+44 115 944 4754
Euphoria Holistic Therapy East Mill, Bridge Foot, Belper, Derbyshire DE56 2UA, United Kingdom
+44 7963 975631
Competition Car Insurance Loxley House, Tottle Rd, Nottingham NG2 1RR, United Kingdom
+44 844 892 1966
Premier Leather & Furniture Restorers 35 Patterson Pl, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire NG18 2LZ, United Kingdom
+44 7779 870639
Morrisons Chapel St, Kilburn, Belper, East Midlands DE56 1YA, United Kingdom
+44 1773 828055
Halfords Baums Lane, Nottingham Road, Mansfield, Nottinghamshire NG18 2RA, United Kingdom
+44 1623 624540
David Nidd Jewellers 15 Bridge St, Belper, Derbyshire DE56 1AY, United Kingdom
+44 1773 880470
Chartex Broadholme House Farm, Broadholme Lane, Belper, Derbyshire DE56 2JG, United Kingdom
+44 1773 599990
BHB Pest Control Unity Mill House, Derwent St, Belper, Derbyshire DE56 1UQ, United Kingdom
+44 1773 823823
Emily Jane Bridalwear The Orchard, Belper DE56 1DF, United Kingdom
+44 1773 822798
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Food Informations during Pregnancy

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About Belper

 

Belper



Belper is a town and civil parish in the local government district of Amber Valley in Derbyshire,England.



Belper

 
Derbyshire UK parish map highlighting Belper.svg
Belper parish highlighted within Derbyshire






History



 
Saint John's Chapel(originally St. Thomas)
 




 


A nailer's workshop in Joseph Street








 

A nailer's workshop in Joseph Street
 




At the time of the Norman occupation, Belper was part of the land centred on Duffield held by the family of Henry de Ferrers. The Domesday Survey records a manor of "Bradley" which is thought to have stood in an area of town now known as the Coppice. At that time it was probably within the Forest of East Derbyshire which covered the whole of the county east of the Derwent. It was possibly appropriated by William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby at some time after it was disafforested in 1225 and became part of Duffield Frith.

The town's name is thought to be a corruption of Beaurepaire - meaning beautiful retreat - the name given to a hunting lodge, the first record of which being in a charter of 1231. This would have been the property of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster who died in 1296, the record of his estate mentioning "a capital mansion". The chapel built at that time still exists. Originally consecrated in 1250 as the Chapel of St Thomas, it was rededicated to St John during the reign of King Henry VIII. St John's Chapel is still in use today and is thought to be the oldest building still standing in Belper.



The coal deposits of Derbyshire are frequently associated with ironstone within the clay substrate. Initially obtained from surface workings, it would later have been mined in shallow bell pits. It is thought that this was important for the de Ferrers family, who were ironmasters in Normandy. By the reign of Henry VIII Belper had grown to a substantial size. It is recorded that in 1609 fifty-one people died of plague. However, in a Parliamentary Commissioners' report of 1650 regarding Duffield and its chapelries, Belper is described as "a hamlet appertaining to Duffield"





From at least the 13th century there were forges in the Belper and Duffield areas and iron-working became a major source of income, particularly nail making. By the end of the eighteenth-century there were around 500 workshops in the town supplying nails to the newly built textile mills. The workshops were eventually superseded by machinery during the 19th century. Some of the nail-makers' houses are still in existence and form part of local tours of the town.

The industrialist Jedediah Strutt, a partner of Richard Arkwright, built a water-powered cotton mill in Belper in the late eighteenth-century: the second in the world at the time. With the expansion of the textile industry Belper became one of the first mill towns. In 1784 Strutt built the North Mill and, across the road, the West Mill. In 1803 the North Mill was burnt down and replaced by an new structure designed to be fireproof. Further extensions followed, culminating in the East Mill in 1913 - a present-day Belper landmark. Although no longer used to manufacture textiles the mill still derives electricity from the river, using turbine-driven generators.

Strutt had previously patented his "Derby Rib" for stockings, and the plentiful supply of cotton encouraged the trade of framework knitting which had been carried on in the town and surrounding villages since the middle of the previous century. Mechanisation arrived about 1850, but by that time the fashion for stockings for men was disappearing. However elaborately patterned stockings, for ladies especially, were coming into vogue, and the output of the Belper "cheveners" was much in demand.

The construction of the North Midland Railway in 1840 brought further prosperity. Belper was the first place in the UK to get gas lighting, at a works erected by the Strutts at Milford. Demand was such that in 1850, the Belper Gas and Coke Company was formed, with a works in the present Goods Road. Electricity followed in 1922 from the Derby and Nottingham Electrical Power Company's works at Spondon. The first telephones came in 1895 from the National Telephone Company. The end of the century also brought the motor car, CH218, owned by Mr. James Bakewell of The Elms being possibly the first.

Belper remained a textile and hosiery centre into the 20th century. Meanwhile other companies were developing: iron founding led to the Park Foundry becoming a leader in the solid-fuel central-heating market; Adshead and Ratcliffe had developed Arbolite putty for iron-framed windows; Dalton and Company, which had been producing lubricating oils, developed ways of recovering used engine oil proving useful during the Second World War. In 1938, A.B.Williamson had developed a substance for conditioning silk stockings; the introduction of nylon stockings after the Second World War seemed to make it redundant, but mechanics and fitters had discovered its usefulness in cleaning hands and it is still marketed by Deb Group as Swarfega.





 


Strutt's North Mill built in 1803, to replace the original one destroyed by fire





 


Belpers East mill built 1912.






SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swarfega


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