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The Contented Dog Cowper Rd, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire HP4 3DA, United Kingdom
+44 1442 873757
Millets 35 High Street, Town Centre, Chesham HP5 1BW, United Kingdom
+44 1494 791920
Allfloors Berhamsted Ltd 4 Lower Kings Rd, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire HP4 2AE, United Kingdom
+44 1442 873009
Thai Cottage 149 High St, Town Centre, Berkhamsted HP4 3HH, United Kingdom
+44 1442 870808
Gossoms End Intermediate Care Unit Victory Rd, Berkhamsted HP4 1DL, United Kingdom
+44 1442 876693
Ramtac Computer Systems Ltd R&R House, Nortbridge Road, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire HP4 1EH, United Kingdom
+44 1442 878879
The Pennyfarthing Hotel 296-298 High St, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire HP4 1AH, United Kingdom
+44 1442 872828
The Gatsby 97 High St, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire HP4 2DG, United Kingdom
+44 1442 870403
Curry Garden 29 High St, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire County HP4 2BX, United Kingdom
+44 1442 877867
The Kings Arms Hotel 147 High St, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire HP4 3HL, United Kingdom
+44 1442 866595
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About Berkhamsted

 

Berkhamsted





Berkhamsted  is a historic market town, in the Chiltern Hills, on the western edge of Hertfordshire in England, 26 miles (40 km) north-west of London, within the Metropolitan Green Belt. Berkhamsted is a civil parish with a designated Town Council within the administrative district (borough since 1984) of Dacorum, situated between the towns of Tring and Hemel Hempstead.

Berkhamsted's most prominent moment in national affairs was in early December 1066 and was recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: after his defeat of King Harold II of England's Anglo-Saxonarmy at the Battle of HastingsWilliam the Conqueror received the surrender of the Anglo-Saxon English at Berkhamsted.

In the medieval period Berkhamsted Castle became a favoured royal residence throughout theNormanAngevin and Plantagenet period. From 1070 to 1495 many notable English medieval figures were associated with the castle, including several kings, queen consorts, royal favourites,Thomas BecketEdward, the Black Prince and Geoffrey Chaucer. Later still, among the town's former citizens was Colonel Daniel Axtell, captain of the Parliamentary Guard at the trial and execution of Charles I of England in 1649.

Amongst the Grade II listed buildings on the High Street, there is the oldest known (1277–97) extant timber framed building in Great Britain. Reviewing the town's modern high street, the Academy of Urbanism said of Berkhamsted in November 2014, "It would appear that, by any measure, Berkhamsted is a successful town." The town is also the home of the British Film Institute's BFI National Archive at King's Hill, one of the largest film and television archives in the world, which was generously endowed by J. Paul Getty, Jr.




Berkhamsted

 
Old Town Hall Berkhamsted.jpg
Berkhamsted Old Town Hall
Berkhamsted town crest.png
The town coat of arms
Berkhamsted is located in Hertfordshire
Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
 Berkhamsted shown within Hertfordshire






Landmarks and buildings of interest


 

Scheduled Monuments



The Castle 


Today situated beside the railway station, with fragmentary remains but impressive earthworks,Berkhamsted Castle was an important Norman motte-and-bailey castles. Historically the Castle guarded the Akeman Street gap through the Chilterns, one of the major routes to London, 30 miles away.Berkhamsted Castle by tradition belongs to the eldest son of the reigning English monarch (presently Prince Charles) and is managed by English Heritage, under the Guardianship of the Secretary of State for National Heritage.

The castle was built at the end of a dry valley where it joins the marshy ground of the river Bulbourne valley. The motte mound is c.14 metres high and c.55 metres in diameter at the base. On top of the motte are the foundations of a shell keep, about 18 metres in diameter and containing a well. The bailey, which covers an area of about 3.2 acres (1.3 ha), measures c.130 metres north-south by c.100 metres east-west. Enclosing the bailey is a flint-built curtain wall with half-round towers at intervals of about 55 metres. On the west side of the bailey the remains of a rectangular building are thought to represent a chapel. Circling the bailey and the motte, on the north-west side was a double and on the other sides a triple moat, beyond them was marshy ground. Before the arrival of the canal the River Bulbourne helped to provide water for the moats. The outer defences have been damaged by the construction of the railway and road to the south. The ground level falls from the north to the south and on the higher ground north and east of the castle there is another bank. This bank is unusual in that it has eight, possibly nine, earthen bastions set against its outer face, it is unclear if they were part of the defences or siege platforms built in the two week siege of December 1216. Access to the castle was provided by the main gateway on the south of the bailey which would originally have had a wooden bridge (not the current gravel path). The where three main building phases of the castle, firstly under Robert, Count of Mortain in the 1070s, under Thomas a Becket between 1155–1165 and under Richard Earl of Cornwall in 1254. The castle has been unoccupied since 1495. English historian John Leland noted it was 'much in Ruine' in c1540. Partial excavations were carried out in 1962 and 1967 in the south-eastern area of the curtain wall at the location of one of the half-round towers.

 

 
 
Plan of Berkhamsted Castle earthworks and ruins
 





 



View across the Inner moat towards the bailey walls of Berkhamsted Castle




Grim’s Ditch


A Prehistoric, late Bronze Age to the Iron Age (1200-100BC) bank and ditch, on the south side of the Bulbourne Valley. The monument varies in size between 2 and 4 metres from the top of the bank to the bottom of the ditch and is about 5 metres wide (damaged by ploughing in places). It may have served as a boundary ditch between tribal territories, or between areas of differing land use such as woodland and pasture.





 
Spire of Chapel, Ashridge Management College, showing Ashridge forest behind.




Leisure and Culture




 

The Rex cinema, Berkhamsted
 


The Rex is a popular independent local cinema. Regarded by some, including the BBC and the Telegraph as Britain's most beautiful cinema, Dame Judi Dench described the cinema as "absolutely awe-inspiring" and the Rex was voted the best cinema in the UK, in the Guardian film awards 2014. Restored and managed by its owner James Hannaway, the cinema is a "movie palace with all the original Art Deco trimmings". The Rex frequently has sold-out houses for evening showings, with Rex regulars come from south of the Thames, from east London and rural Oxfordshire. Inside is a step "back into the golden age of film" when going to the 'movies' was an experience; the cinema features luxurious seating and two licensed bars (one at the back of the stalls). The owner James Hannaway introduces films and sometimes there is a question and answer session from directors and actors involved in the film, including Dame Judi Dench,Charles DanceMike Leigh and Terry Jones.





SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berkhamsted


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