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About Chelmsford

Chelmsford

 

 

 

Chelmsford  is the principal settlement of the City of Chelmsford and the county town of Essex, in the East of England. It is located in the London commuter belt, approximately 32 miles (51 km) northeast of Charing Cross, London, and approximately the same distance from the once provincial Roman capital at Colchester. The urban area of the city has a population of approximately 110,000, whilst the district has a population of 168,310,.

The main conurbation incorporates all or part of the former parishes ofBroomfield, Great Baddow, Galleywood, Writtle, Moulsham, Widford andSpringfield, including Springfield Barnes, now known as Chelmer Village.

The communities of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, Chelmsford, Ontario, andChelmsford, New Brunswick, are named after the city.

Chelmsford's population consists of a large number of City and Docklandscommuters, attracted by the 30–35 minute journey from Central London via the Great Eastern Main Line. The same journey takes approximately 60 minutes by road via the A12.

On 14 March 2012, chairman of the Privy Council and Deputy Prime MinisterNick Clegg announced that Chelmsford, along with Perth, Scotland and St Asaph, Wales, was to be granted city status. The Letters Patent officially granting city status to Chelmsford from The Queen was received on 6 June 2012.

The demonym for a Chelmsford resident is "Chelmsfordian".


 

 

 

Shirehall.jpeg
Shire Hall

 

 

History

   
 

 

 

The 18-arch Victorian Railway Viaduct that carries the Great Eastern Main Line through Central Park Chelmsford

 

Recent history

 


Since the 1980s Chelmsford has suffered from a decline in its defence-related industries, most notably The Marconi Company with all of its factories either being closed or sold. The site on West Hanningfield Road was sold to BAE; the Waterhouse Lane site sold to E2V and the New Street site is undergoing major redevelopment for residential/mixed use.

However, the city's location close to London and at the centre of Essex has helped it grow in importance as an administrative and distribution centre. The one-time largest employer in Chelmsford, RHP, the former Hoffman ball bearing manufacturing company, closed its New Street/Rectory Lane site in 1989. Some of the factory remains and have been converted into luxury apartments and a health club although most of the site was demolished to make way for the Rivermead Campus of the Anglia Ruskin University.

Beaulieu Park, The Village and Chancellor Park are some of the most recent large-scale housing developments built in the city to complement earlier developments such as Chelmer Village which was built throughout the 1980s.

In 2007, the Channel 4 programme "Location, Location, Location" voted Chelmsford as the 8th best place to live in the UK.

 





 

Demographics

 

In the 2001 Census, The population for Chelmsford consisted of male: 49.2%, female: 50.8%, under 18: 22.5%, over 60: 19%, born outside UK: 5.9%, white: 96%, black: 0.7%, Asian: 1.4%, mixed: 1.1%, other: 0.7%, Christian: 73.3%, Muslim: 0.9%. Education census statistics for Chelmsford consisted of full-time students between 16- 74: 20.2%, No qualifications for ages between 16–74: 22.2%. Housing census statistics for Chelmsford consisted of owner occupied housing: 76.5%, social housing: 14.9% (Council: 11.3%, Housing Association 3.6%), privately rented: 6.3%, homes without central heating and/or private bathroom: 5.8%.





Transport

 

A licensed Chelmsford Hackney Carriage taxi.


 

Rail


 

The Eastern Counties Railway arrived in Chelmsford in 1842, although owing to the geography of the town, three viaducts had to be constructed, the longest of which is the 18 arch Central Park viaduct. The station was built at the end of the second viaduct with the third viaduct at the River Chelmer at Springfield. The present-day Chelmsford railway station dates from around 1885 and is in the city centre and around 14,000 commuters travel to London Liverpool Street daily by rail, making Chelmsford one of the busiest non-terminus stations outside London until 2010 when 3 early morning services were added starting at Chelmsford operating to London and three late evening services terminating at Chelmsford from London. The station is served by the railway franchise Abellio Greater Anglia an international arm of Nederlandse Spoorwegen.

Services operate to London Liverpool Street and Ipswich, Clacton, Harwich,Braintree and Norwich via the Great Eastern Main Line. Despite having platforms elevated on a viaduct, the station has full disabled access via a lift for each of the two platforms and as well as stair access. This dates from an extensive refurbishment of the station's ground-level facilities in the late 1980s.

Since 2011, a second station has been proposed for the new housing development in Beaulieu (Park), Boreham.

Bus

 

A new bus terminal in Duke Street opened in March 2007 which replaced an ageing 1930s Bus station. It incorporates shops and apartments and has a covered roof for passengers. This is mainly used by the First Essex Bus Company which has many routes around the city and beyond including the X30 Southend to Stansted Airport Flyer.

Other bus companies serving the area include Regal Busways, Stephensons of Essex, Hedingham Omnibus and Network Colchester. There are also a variety of school bus serving the city and surrounding areas. Outside of peak times many of these services are run under contract to Essex County Council.

TGM also operate a single service, the 59 route, to Harlow from Chelmsford, via Roxwell, The Rodings, Hatfield Heath andOld Harlow. The route is on the Hertfordshire Intalink network, allowing single-operator access to destinations within Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire, as well as select Greater London destinations such asStanmore and Barnet. The route was previously operated by Arriva.

Essex County Council Highways & Transportation Department have considered the construction of a Bus Rapid Transit System to be built serving the Beaulieu Park/Springfield Area because of the increasing demand for Rapid Transit Plans in Ipswich, Colchester and Southend.

Chelmsford has a Park & Ride service that is based at nearby Sandon, just off the A12 at Junction 18. It runs from 7 am to 7 pm, Monday to Saturday, with five bus stops around the city (one near High Chelmer for shopping), and charges £2.50 per adult and is free for old-age pensioners or people under the age of 16. An adult weekly ticket is £12.50 and Adult monthly £47.00.[53] It has a capacity of 1,200 cars. Opened in March 2006, it has proved highly successful and is widely used.

A second Park and Ride service known as the Chelmer Valley Park and Ride was opened on the A130/131 to the north of the city near the village of Little Waltham in April 2011.

 

 

 

 

Education

 

John Dee, noted Elizabethan philosopher, magician and scientist and also responsible for the introduction to the first English translation of Euclid, was educated at the Chantry School (later re-founded as the Grammar School) in the sixteenth century.

Chelmsford is also home to part of the Anglia Ruskin University (formerly called Anglia Polytechnic) and to the grammar schools of Chelmsford County High School and King Edward VI Grammar School, founded in 1551 by charter of King Edward VI on the site of an earlier educational foundation (although evidence suggests it could have been around as early as 1292).

A Catholic Secondary School in the area is St John Payne Catholic Comprehensive School. New Hall School, founded in 1642, is a private, Catholic boarding school which caters to pupils from the age of 3 right through to sixth form. The New Hall building, previously named Palace of Beaulieu, has a great history including that of Henry VIII.

Chelmsford College is the main provider of further education in the city. Established in the early 1960s, the college occupies three sites in the city. The main site on Moulsham Street dates from the 1960s and the Princes Road site is a late 1980s building. There are around 2200 full-time and 2,100 part-time students enrolled on a wide range of academic, vocational and occupational programmes. The College is rated as "GOOD" by OFSTED and holds the prestigious Investors in People (IiP) Champion status and is also an IiP Gold award holder.

Educational establishments in Chelmsford include:

 

 

 

  •  
  • Saint John Payne Roman Catholic Comprehensive School


     
  • Writtle College, an Agricultural College

     
  • Moulsham High School and humanities college


     
  • Hylands School Specialist Science and Sixth Form College


     
  • The Boswells School


     
  • Chelmer Valley High School

  •  
     


     
  • New Hall School

     
  • Chelmsford County High School for Girls

     
  • The Thriftwood School

     
  • Saint Peter's College the former Rainsford High School, which closed in August 2011.

     
  • The Sandon School

     
  • Chelmsford College a college of further education
  •  

     

     

     

     

     

     Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chelmsford


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