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Elite Aesthetics (Dartford, Gravesend and Bluewater) 32, Grove House, Wainwright Ave, Ingress Park, Greenhithe DA9 9XN Gravesend EN
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Private Investigator Gravesend 98 Ridgeway Avenue Gravesend EN DA12 5BE
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Inkin Tattoo 20 E Milton Rd, Gravesend, Kent County DA12 2JL, United Kingdom
+44 1474 248121
R F Digital Aerials 4 E Milton Rd, Gravesend, Kent DA12 2JL, United Kingdom
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Stockburns Plastering Pebbledashing & Rendering 12 Hatton Close, Northfleet, Gravesend DA11 8SD, United Kingdom
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Blush Unit C/Alpha House/Milton Rd, Gravesend DA12 2AJ, United Kingdom
+44 1474 322722
Ritzy Nails & Beauty within Look Fantastic 11 New Rd, Gravesend, Kent DA11 0AA, United Kingdom
+44 7756 553663
B & S Motors 2 Vale Rd, Northfleet, Gravesend, Kent DA11 9RE, United Kingdom
+44 1474 352217
Bounce and Beatz Dance Academy Within Gerald Miskin Memorial Hall, Hever Court Road, Singlewell, Gravesend, Kent DA12 5EG, United Kingdom
+44 7837 871049
Chris Parry - Jewellery Designer / Maker 1 Kempthorne St, Town Centre, Gravesend DA11 0TA, United Kingdom
+44 1474 323203
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About Gravesend

Gravesend

 

 

 

Gravesend is an ancient town in northwest Kent, England, on the south bank of the Thames estuary and opposite Tilbury in Essex. Located in the diocese of Rochester, it is the administrative centre of theBorough of Gravesham.

Its geographical situation has given Gravesend strategic importance throughout the maritime and communications history of south east England. A Thames Gateway commuter town, it retains strong links with the RiverThames, not least through the Port of London Authority Pilot Station and has witnessed rejuvenation since the advent of High Speed train services via Gravesend railway station.



 

Clocktower 01.jpg
Gravesend Clock Tower


 

 

History

Stone Age implements have been found in the locality since the 1900s, as has evidence of an Iron Age settlement at nearbySpringhead. Extensive Roman remains have been found at nearby Vagniacae; and Gravesend lies immediately to the north of the Roman road connecting London with the Kent coast – now called Watling Street. Domesday Book recorded mills,hythes, and fisheries here.

 

Milton Chantry, built c. 1320



 

Milton Chantry is Gravesend's oldest surviving building and dates from the early 14th century. It was refounded as a chapel in 1320/21 on the original site of a formerleper hospital originally founded in 1189.

Gravesend has one of the oldest surviving markets in the country. Its earliest charter dates from 1268, with town status being granted to the two parishes of Gravesendand Milton by King Henry III in its Charter of Incorporation of that year. The firstMayor of Gravesend was elected in 1268, although the first Town Hall was not built until 1573, being replaced in 1764 with a new frontage added in 1836. Although it ceased to be a town hall in 1968 when the new Gravesend Civic Centre (Woodville Halls) was opened, it remains in use asMagistrates' Courts, and in 2004, following a full refurbishment funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and grants from Kent County Council and Gravesham Borough Council, the Old Town Hall now thrives as a venue for weddings and private functions as well as community and public events.

In 1380, during the Hundred Years' War, Gravesend suffered being sacked and burned by the Castilian fleet.

In 1401, a further Royal Charter was granted, allowing the men of the town to operate boats between London and the town; these became known as the "Long Ferry". It became the preferred form of passage, because of the perils of road travel (see below).

On Gravesend's river front are the remains of a Tudor fort built by command of King Henry VIII in 1543.

On 21 March 1617, John Rolfe and Rebecca (aka Princess Pocahontas) with their two-year-old son, Thomas, boarded a ship in London bound for the Commonwealth of Virginia; the ship had only sailed as far as Gravesend before Princess Pocahontas (alias Rebecca Rolfe) fell fatally ill, and she died when her body was taken ashore. It is not known what caused her death. Her funeral and burial took place on 21 March 1617 at the parish church of St George, Gravesend.The site of her grave is believed to be underneath the present church's chancel, though since the previous church was destroyed by fire in 1727 her exact resting place is unknown. Thomas Rolfe survived, but was placed under the supervision of Sir Lewis Stukley at Plymouth, before being adopted by his uncle, Henry Rolfe, squire of Heacham, whilst John Rolfe and his late wife's assistant Tomocomo reached America under the captaincy of Sir Samuel Argall's ship.


 

A map of Gravesend, from 1946



 

At Fort Gardens is the New Tavern Fort, built during the 1780s and extensively rebuilt by Major-General Charles Gordon between 1865 and 1879: it is now Chantry Heritage Centre, partly open-air, under the care of Gravesend Local History Society.

Journeys by road to Gravesend were historically quite hazardous, since the mainLondon-Dover road crossed Blackheath, notorious for its highwaymen.Stagecoaches from London to Canterbury, Dover and Faversham used Gravesend as one of their "stages" as did those coming north from Tonbridge. In 1840 there were 17 coaches picking up and setting down passengers and changing horses each way per day. There were two coaching inns on what is now Old Road East: the Prince of Orange and the Lord Nelson.[20] Post coaches had been plying the route for at least two centuries: Samuel Pepys records having stopped off at Gravesend in 1650 en route to the Royal Dockyards at Chatham.

Although a great deal of the town's economy continued to be connected with maritime trade, since the 19th century other major employers have been the cement and paper industries.

From 1932 to 1956, an airport was located to the east of the town. It began as a civilian airfield, but during World War II it became a Royal Air Force fighter station, RAF Gravesend, and so Gravesend was heavily bombed by the Luftwaffe. In 1956 the site was taken over by Gravesend Town Council; a large housing estate known as Riverview Park was built on its site. At 03:35 GMT on Sunday 5 February 1939, Alex Henshaw took off from Gravesend Airport at the start of his record-breaking flight to Cape Town and back. He completed the flight in 39 hours 36 minutes over the next four days; his record still stands.

 

Economy

 


Windmill Street, Gravesend in 2008

 

Gravesend today is a commercial and commuter town, providing a local shopping district: there are several of the multiple stores, and a good range of local shops. It has a market hall, open six days a week, and a recently-established farmers' market. Crew for Thames tugboats live in town, with Gravesend watermen often hailing from a family tradition.

The Port of London Authority Control Centre (formerly known as "Thames Navigation Service") has its headquarters at Gravesend, providing maritime pilotswith radar nowadays playing an important role in shipping navigation up the Thames.





Transport

 


Roads

 

The main roads through the town are the west-east A226 road from Dartford and beyond to Rochester; and the A227 roadto Tonbridge. The A2 road passes two miles (3 km) south of Gravesend town centre; a mile stretch of it was rerouted in the early 2000s to take the traffic away from the south end of the town.[46]

In March 2006 the first of the area’s new Fastrack bus services, which use a combination of ordinary roads and dedicated 'bus tracks', opened. The service links to Ebbsfleet International railway station, Greenhithe, Bluewater Shopping Centreand Dartford.




Rail

Gravesend railway station lies on the North Kent Line, and was opened in 1849. The Gravesend West Line, terminating by the river and for some time operating as a continental ferry connection, closed in 1968.

Gravesend is the primary north Kent interchange for high speed and metro rail services. In December 2009, the full high-speed timetable between London and Kent came into force and passenger usage from Gravesend has exceeded expectations. High-speed services from London St Pancras International and Stratford International, are offered via Gravesend to the Medway towns, Sittingbourne and Faversham.


 

 
View of new footbridge and lifts at Gravesend Railway Station from Platform 2 

There are also metro services to London Charing Cross both via Sidcup andBexleyheath, and to Gillingham.


 

Buses

Gravesend is served by several Arriva Kent & Sussex bus services connecting the town with other areas in Kent including Dartford, Bluewater and Sevenoaks and to the Medway Towns.
Gravesend is also served by Fastrack bus services connecting the town with Bluewater, Darent Valley Hospital and Dartford.


 

 
Passengers alighting from the ferry from Tilbury at Gravesend

 

Ferry



 
Shoppers from Essex about to board the ferry back to Tilbury

Passenger ferry services to Tilbury, Essex, operate daily (except Sundays), fromGravesend Town Pier.



 

Footpaths


 

The Saxon Shore Way, a long distance footpath, starts at Gravesend and traces the coast as in Roman times as far as Hastings, East Sussex; 163 miles (262 km) in total. The Wealdway also starts at the Town Pier, and continues almost due south over the Weald to Eastbourne in East Sussex where it links with South Downs Way, a distance of 80 miles (128 km).



 



Education

 

In secondary education, Gravesend has the following schools: Gravesend Grammar SchoolNorthfleet School for GirlsNorthfleet Technology College (Northfleet School for Boys, on the former sites of Northfleet Secondary School for Boys and Gravesend Technical High School for Boys); Mayfield Grammar School (formerlyGravesend Grammar School for Girls); St John's Catholic Comprehensive School;Thamesview School and St George's Church of England School. There are also primary age schools such as Whitehill Primary School, special schools and several independent schools







 

 
Guru Nanak Darbar Gurdwara at Gravesend in November 2007


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