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Kumon Maths and English Ponteland Memorial Hall, Darras Road Northallerton EN NE20 9NX
01661823273
LGV, PCV, Taxi & Motorsport Medicals - Dr Alan Cuthbert Northallerton, North Yorkshire, United Kingdom
+44 1609 775665
National Tyres and Autocare 12 East Road, Northallerton, North Yorkshire DL6 1NF, United Kingdom
+44 1609 774111
Vicky Anderson Training Little Beech Hill, East Harlsey, Northallerton, North Yorkshire DL6 2TD, United Kingdom
+44 1609 882408
Professional Waxing at Palms Beauty Palms Beauty Spa, 1 Woodstock Close, Standard Way,, Northallerton, North Yorkshire DL6 2NB, United Kingdom
+44 1609 775701
Maid To Shine 3 Trinity Gardens, Northallerton, North Yorkshire DL6 1GA, United Kingdom
+44 7809 605332
All Under One Roof 283 High St, Northallerton, North Yorkshire DL7 8DW, United Kingdom
+44 1609 783777
JD Sports Darlington, Unit 26 34 The Cornmill SC, Darlington DL1 1LS, United Kingdom
+44 1325 369633
E. De Wastney Jewellers 1 Market Row, Northallerton, North Yorkshire DL7 8LN, United Kingdom
+44 1609 779483
Motoscope (Northallerton) Ltd Standard Way Industrial Estate, Northallerton, North Yorkshire DL6 2XE, United Kingdom
+44 1609 780155
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About Northallerton

Northallerton




Northallerton /ˌnɔrˈθælətən/ is an affluent[2] market town and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies in the Vale of Mowbray and at the northern end of the Vale of York. It has a population of 15,741 according to the 2001 census.[1] It has served as the county town of the North Riding of Yorkshire and since 1974, of North Yorkshire.

There has been a settlement at Northallerton since Roman times, however its growth in importance began in the 11th century when King William IIgifted land to the Bishop of Durham. Under the Bishop's authority Northallerton became an important centre for religious affairs. It was also a focus for much conflict in subsequent years between the English and theScots, most notably the Battle of the Standard, nearby in 1138, which saw losses of as many as 12,000 men.

In later years trade and transport became more important. The surrounding area was discovered to have large phosphorus reserves which brought industry to Northallerton due to the easy trade routes. Lying on the main route between Edinburgh and London it became an important stopping point for coaches travelling the route, eventually superseded by the growth of therailways in the 19th century. Lying in the centre of a large rural area Northallerton was established as a market town in 1200 by Royal Charter, and there is still a market in the town today.[5]

It continues to be a major retail centre for the local area today. As the administrative centre for Hambleton district and the county of North Yorkshire, the councils, and several other associated public sector organisations have their headquarters in the town.





History

 

Origins and early history

Due to the proximity of the Roman road, entrenchments and relics it seems that the earliest settlement at Northallerton was some form of Roman military station. There is evidence that the Romans had a signal station on Castle Hills just to the west of the town as part of the imperial Roman postal system and a path connecting Hadrian's Wall with Eboracum (York) ran through what is now the neighbouring village of Brompton.[6][7]

The first church was set up by St Paulinus of York on the site of the present All Saints Parish Church sometime in the early 7th century.[6] It was made from wood and nothing survives of it. In 855 a stone church was built on the same site, fragments of stone have been found during restoration work which provide strong evidence of this Saxon church.[6]

It was then believed that a Saxon town known as Alvertune developed. In Pierre de Langtoft's history of King Alfred he writes that in 865 it was the site of a number of battles between King Elfrid and his brother Alfred and five Danish kings and a similar number of earls.[7] Later, in the 10th century, Danes settled at Romanby and Brompton. A fine example of English stonecarving from the period, the Brompton Hogbacks, can be found in Brompton Parish Church.

In the Domesday Survey, Norman scribes named the settlement AlvertuneAluertune and Alretone and there is a reference to the Alvertune wapentac, an area almost identical to the Allertonshire wapentake of the North Riding, which was named after the town.[8]

The origin of the town's name is uncertain, though it is believed that the name derives from a derivation of the name Aelfere, Aelfereton translates as the farm belonging to Aelfere or even of King Alfred. Alternatively it may be referring to theAlder trees which grew nearby.[9] The prefix of North was added in the 12th century to differentiate from the parish ofAllerton Mauleverer, 25 miles (40 km) to the south.[9]

Its position on a major route way brought death and destruction to the town on many occasions. In 1069, in an attempt to quell rebellion in the north, the area between the Ouse and the Tyne was laid to waste by the armies of William the Conqueror. The town of Northallerton was almost totally destroyed or depopulated. Just a few years later it is described in the Domesday Book as 'modo est in manu regis et wastum est (put down as waste).

 


 

 

Religious importance





Shortly after his accession William Rufus gave the town, with the lands adjacent, to the see of Durham, and, under the patronage of the bishops of that diocese, it grew in importance, and became an episcopal residence. In 1130 a castle was built on the west side of the town adjacent to North Beck by Bishop Rufus and was expanded in 1142 after William Cumin seized the Bishopric of Durham in 1141. The castle was further expanded in 1173 by Hugh Pudsey and garrisoned by a group of Flemish soldiers, an act which enraged King Henry II who ordered that it be razed to the ground in 1177. A more substantial fortified palace surrounded by a moat was built on the same site in 1199 replacing the traditional motte-and-baileycastle. The palace became an important administrative centre for the bishops' lands in Yorkshire and served as a major residence for the bishops and their staff. The palace lay on the main road from Yorkto Durham and was a regular stopping place for royalty and other dignitaries. The palace fell into ruin by 1658 and the site is now a cemetery.

Carmelite priory was founded in 1354, but was demolished soon after the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538.The site passed to various people and was used for arable farming before a workhouse was built on the site in 1857,[17]subsequently The Friarage Hospital which takes its name from the friary was built. Following development of the site in 2006, archaeologists uncovered the remains of eight monks along with other artefacts.


 



Education

 

 

 

Allertonshire school





 

There is a three-tier school system in Northallerton, consisting of six primary schools, a secondary school and a Technology College. After completing primary education children move on to the Allertonshire School, a comprehensive school for pupils aged 11–14, (Key Stage 3, years 7,8,9). It is a DfES designated specialist Technology College status, with a second specialism in Applied Learning. On completing the Allertonshire students then move onto Northallerton College for education between ages 14 and 18 (Years 10–13). In addition further adult learning courses are run at the college through the learndirect and Nextstep schemes. The College also runs courses through a Learn Direct centre at the Young Offender's Institute which is close to the College.

In addition there a number of privately run infant and day care nursery schools in Northallerton.


 

Northallerton College




Northallerton College's roots can be traced as far back as 1322. Originally sited near the Parish Church, its initial role was to train boys in grammar and song. The school flourished in the 17th century under the mastership of Thomas Smelt, and notable alumni of that period include theologian George Hickes, historiographer royal Thomas Rymer, John Radcliffe, doctor to King William of Orange, and theologian Thomas Burnet.] The school struggled in the 19th century and almost closed at the start of the 20th century with the number of pupils in single figures. However, following the 1902 Education Actthe North Riding Education Committee resolved to build and restructure the grammar school. To that end a new school was built near the Thirsk Road, which opened in 1909 with 104 pupils, half of which were girls, the first time that they had been admitted.[44] The school expanded throughout the 20th century. Following the 1944 Education Act, the school entry was based on the Eleven plus exam with all fees and charges being abolished. In 1973 the Grammar School merged with the Secondary Modern Allertonshire School, which opened in 1941, with the Allertonshire taking pupils aged 11–14 and the Grammar School ages 14–18.[45] By 1976 the comprehensive system was adopted and in 1994 the grammar school was renamed Northallerton College to better reflect the school's role in the community.

 


 



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