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About Portsmouth

Portsmouth

 

Portsmouth  is the second largest city in the ceremonial county ofHampshire on the south coast of England. Portsmouth is the United Kingdom's only island city, as it is mainly on Portsea Island. It is situated 64 miles (103 km) south west of London and 19 miles (31 km) south east of Southampton. The City of Portsmouth has a population of 209,166 and is the only city in the United Kingdom with a greater population density than London.

As a significant naval port for centuries, Portsmouth is home to the world's oldest dry dock and also home to some famous ships, including HMS Warrior, the Tudor carrack Mary Rose and Lord Nelson's flagship, HMS Victory (the world's oldest naval ship still in commission). Although smaller than in its heyday, the naval base remains a major dockyard and base for the Royal Navy and Royal Marine Commandos whose Headquarters resides there. There is also a thriving commercial cruise ship and ferry-port serving destinations on the continent for freight and passenger traffic. The City of Portsmouth and Portsmouth Football Club are both nicknamed "Pompey".

Portsmouth forms part of the South Hampshire built-up area, which includesSouthampton, Havant, Waterlooville, Eastleigh, Fareham and Gosport. It is the 6th largest urban area in England and the largest in South East England, with an estimated 860,000 residents according to the 2011 Census. This area forms the centre of one of the United Kingdom's most populous metropolitan areas with a population in excess of one million.

The Spinnaker Tower is a striking recent addition to the city's skyline. It can be found in the redeveloped former HMS Vernon, formerly a shore establishment or 'stone frigate' of the Royal Navy, now an area of retail outlets, restaurants, clubs and bars now known as Gunwharf Quays.

 

 

Portsmouth
City of Portsmouth
City & unitary authority area
Clockwise from top: Portsmouth skyline, Spinnaker Tower, Gunwharf apartments, Port Solent, Zurich House
Clockwise from top: Portsmouth skyline, Spinnaker Tower, Gunwharf apartments, Port Solent, Zurich House
Flag of Portsmouth
Flag
Official logo of Portsmouth
Coat of Arms
Nickname(s): Pompey
Motto: Heaven's Light Our Guide
Location within Hampshire
Location within Hampshire

 

 

Tourist attractions

 

 

Most of Portsmouth's tourist attractions are related to its naval history. In the last decade Portsmouth'sHistoric Dockyard has been given a much needed face-lift. Among the attractions are the D-Day museum (which holds the Overlord embroidery) and, in the dockyardHMS Victory, the remains of Henry VIII's flagship, the Mary Rose (raised from the seabed in 1982), HMS Warrior (Britain's first iron-hulled warship) and the Royal Naval Museum. The last weekend of November each year the Historic Dockyard host the Victorian Festival of Christmas, which is the largest event of its kind in the UK.

Many of the city's former defences now host museums or events. Several of the Victorian era forts on Portsdown Hill are now tourist attractions. Fort Nelson is now home to the Royal Armouries museum. The Tudor era Southsea Castle has a small museum, and much of the seafront defences up to the Round Tower are open to the public. The southern part of the once large Royal Marines Eastney Barracks is now the Royal Marines Museum. There are also many buildings in the city that occasionally host open days particularly those on the D-Day walk which are seen on signs around the city which note sites of particular importance in the city to Operation Overlord.

Portsmouth's long association with the armed forces means it has a large number of war memorials around the city, including several at the Royal Marines Museum at the dockyards and in Victoria Park. In the city centre, the Guildhall Square Cenotaph displays the names of the fallen, and is guarded by stone sculptures of machine gunners carved by the sculptor:

THIS MEMORIAL WAS ERECTED BY THE PEOPLE OF PORTSMOUTH IN PROUD AND LOVING MEMORY OF THOSE WHO IN THE GLORIOUS MORNING OF THEIR DAYS FOR ENGLAND'S SAKE LOST ALL BUT ENGLAND'S PRAISE. MAY LIGHT PERPETUAL SHINE UPON THEM.

—West face

The millennium project to build the Spinnaker Tower at Gunwharf Quays was completed in 2005. The tower is 170 m (560 ft) tall and features viewing decks at sea level, Other tourist attractions include the birthplace of Charles Dickens, the Blue Reef Aquarium (formerly the Sea Life Centre), Cumberland House (a natural history museum), The Royal Marines Museum and Southsea CastleSouthsea's seafront is also home to Clarence Pier Amusement Park  and Canoe Lake.

 

 

 

Row of wind-pruned Huntingdon Elms, Southsea Common

 

 

 

Park Building, University of Portsmouth

 

 

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portsmouth

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