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MnM Engineering Japanese Performance Car Garage Wykeham St, Strood, Rochester, Kent ME2 3AA, United Kingdom
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Medway Stoves & Fires 43 Skinner St, Gillingham ME7 1LG, United Kingdom
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KMPS COMPLETE PROPERTY MAINTENANCE Holland Rd, Chatham, Kent ME5 9TW, United Kingdom
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Spikegeneral Ltd 163 High St, Strood, Rochester ME2 4TH, United Kingdom
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Atrium Restaurant 86 High St, Wouldham, Rochester, Kent ME1 1JY, United Kingdom
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Dagenham Motors - Strood Cuxton Rd, Rochester, ME2 2NY, United Kingdom
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BMW Spares Centre Street End Rd, Chatham ME5 0BS, United Kingdom
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Cliffs Auto Repairs Fenn Corner, St Mary Hoo, Rochester, Kent ME3 8RF, United Kingdom
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Blue Whale Swimming Weeds Wood Road, Chatham, Medway ME5 0QS, United Kingdom
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Pull Out Testing Hollywood House, 76 Hollywood Lane, Wainscott, Rochester, Kent ME3 8AR, United Kingdom
+44 1634 710955
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About Rochester

Rochester, Kent

 

 

 

Rochester is a town and historic city in the unitary authority of Medway inSouth East England. It is situated at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London.

Rochester was for many years a favourite of Charles Dickens, who owned nearby Gads Hill Place, Higham, basing many of his novels on the area. The Diocese of Rochester, the second oldest in England, is based atRochester Cathedral and was responsible for the founding of a school, nowThe King's School in 604 AD, which is recognised as being the second oldest continuously running school in the world. Rochester Castle, built byBishop Gundulf of Rochester, has one of the best preserved keeps in either England or France, and during the First Barons' War (1215–1217) in King John's reign, baronial forces captured the castle from Archbishop Stephen Langton and held it against the king, who then besieged it.

Neighbouring Chatham, Gillingham, Strood and a number of outlying villages, together with Rochester, nowadays make up the Medway Unitary Authority area. It was, until 1998, under the control of Kent County Counciland still constitutes part of the ceremonial county of Kent, under the latestLieutenancies Act.

 

 

 

 

 

2006SweepsCath1crop.jpg
Rochester Cathedral viewed from the west at Castle Gardens

 

 

 

 

History

 

 

 

 

Eastgate House, Rochester, Kent

 

 


Celts, Romans, Jutes and/or Saxons. During the Celtic period it was one of the two administrative centres of the Cantiaci tribe. During the Roman conquest of Britain a decisive battle was fought at the Medway somewhere near Rochester. The first bridge was subsequently constructed early in the Roman period. During the later Roman period the settlement was walled in stone. King Ethelbert of Kent (560–616) established a legal system which has been preserved in the 12th century Textus Roffensis. In AD 604 the bishopric and cathedral were founded. During this period, from the recall of the legions until the Norman conquest, Rochester was sacked at least twice and besieged on another occasion.

The medieval period saw the building of the current cathedral (1080–1130, 1227 and 1343), the building of two castles and the establishment of a significant town. Rochester Castle saw action in the sieges of 1215 and 1264. Its basic street plan was set out, constrained by the river, Watling Street, Rochester Priory and the castle.

Rochester has produced two martyrs: St John Fisher, executed by Henry VIII for refusing to sanction the divorce ofCatherine of Aragon; and Bishop Nicholas Ridley, executed by Queen Mary for being an English Reformation protestant.

The city was raided by the Dutch as part of the Second Anglo-Dutch War. The Dutch, commanded by Admiral de Ruijter, broke through the chain at Upnor and sailed to Rochester Bridge capturing part of the English fleet and burning it.

 

 

 

 

 
Rochester Castle from across the Medway(engraving, G.F. Sargent c. 1836)

The ancient City of Rochester merged with the Borough of Chatham and part of the Strood Rural District in 1974 to form the Borough of Medway. It was later renamed Rochester-upon-Medway, and its City status transferred to the entire borough. In 1998 another merger with the rest of the Medway Towns created the Medway Unitary Authority. The outgoing council neglected to appoint ceremonial "Charter Trustees" to continue to represent the historic Rochester area, causing Rochester to lose its City status – an error not even noticed by council officers for four years, until 2002.

 

 

 

 

Geography

 

 

 

Rochester lies within the area, known to geologists, as the London Basin. The low-lying Hoo peninsula to the north of the town consists of London Clay, and the alluvium brought down by the two rivers—the Thames and the Medway—whose confluence is in this area. The land rises from the river, and being on the dip slope of the North Downs, this consists of chalksurmounted by the Blackheath Beds of sand and gravel.

As a human settlement, Rochester became established as the lowest river crossing of the River Medway, well before the arrival of the Romans.

It is a focal point between two routes, being part of the main route connecting London with the Continent and the north-south routes following the course of the Medway connecting Maidstone and the Weald of Kent with the Thames and the North Sea. The Thames Marshes were an important source of salt. Rochester's roads follow north Kent's valleys and ridges of steep-sided chalk bournes. There are four ways out of town to the south: up Star Hill, via The Delce,[27] along the Maidstone Road or through Borstal. The town is inextricably linked with the neighbouring Medway Towns but separate from Maidstone by a protective ridge known as the Downs, a designated area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

At its most limited geographical size, Rochester is defined as the market town within the city walls, now associated with the historic medieval city. However, Rochester historically also included the ancient wards of Strood Intra on the river's west bank, and Chatham Intra as well as the three old parishes on the Medway's east bank.

The diocese of Rochester is another geographical entity which can be referred to as Rochester.

 

 

 

 

Rochester High Street




Culture

 

 

 

Sweeps Festival

 

 

Since 1980 the city has seen the revival of the historic Rochester Jack-in-the-GreenMay Day dancing chimney sweeps tradition, which had died out in the early 1900s. Though not unique to Rochester (similar sweeps' gatherings were held across southern England, notably in Bristol, Deptford, Whitstable and Hastings), its revival was directly inspired by Dickens' description of the celebration in Sketches by Boz.

The festival has since grown from a small gathering of local Morris dance sides to one of the largest in the world. The festival begins with the "Awakening of Jack-in-the-Green" ceremony, and continues in Rochester High Street over theMay Bank Holiday weekend.

There are numerous other festivals in Rochester apart from the Sweeps Festival. The association with Dickens is the theme for Rochester's two Dickens Festivals held annually in June and December. The Medway Fuse Festival usually arranges performances in Rochester and the latest festival to take shape is the Rochester Literature Festival, the brainchild of three local writers.

 

 

Theatre

 

 

There is a small amateur theatre called Medway Little Theatre on St Margaret's Banks next to Rochester High Street near the railway station. The theatre was formed out of a creative alliance with the Medway Theatre Club, managed by Marion Martin, at St Luke's Methodist Church on City Way, Rochester between 1985 and 1988, since when drama and theatre studies have become well established in Rochester owing to the dedication of the Medway Theatre Club.

 

 

 

 

Education

 

 

Medway and Kent run a selective system of education, but call their secondary modern schools, aka High Schools. Almost all the secondary schools in Rochester have opted for Academy status. In 1701Sir Joseph Williamson left a bequest to establish the Mathematical School. Unlike earlier educational foundations, such asThe King's School it was not tied to a religious establishment but was opened for practical instruction.

The University for the Creative Arts, formerly the Kent Institute of Art & Design, is located on the boundary of Rochester with Chatham.


 

 

 

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rochester,_Kent


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