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MTX Electrical & Engineering Unit 6 The Bourne Centre, Southampton Road Salisbury EN SP1 2NY
01722416656
Indian Asian Furniture Unit 59g Old Sarum Airfirld Salisbury EN SP4 6DZ
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Magna Mazda (Salisbury) - 01725 513777 The Headlands, Downton, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP5 3HL, United Kingdom
+44 1725 513777
ChipsAway David & Deborah Buxton Selsdon, Linford Road, Ringwood, Hampshire BH24 1TX, United Kingdom
+44 7894 606127
Wok with U Chinese takeaway 23-25 Bulford Rd, Durrington, Wiltshire SP4 8DL, United Kingdom
+44 1980 652161
South Wilts Implant Centre 23 New St, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP1 2PH, United Kingdom
+44 1722 331063
West Country Brewery Oakley Business Park, Dinton, Salisbury SP3 5EU, United Kingdom
+44 1722 716440
Sarum Properties Ltd 14 Wilton Rd, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP2 7EE, United Kingdom
+44 1722 421234
M G Hire & Domestics Unit 6, Stockport Business Park, Stockport Rd, Salisbury SP4 7LN, United Kingdom
+44 1980 625555
Millennium Pyrotechnics The Old Barns Manor Farm, Chilmark, Salisbury, Wiltshire SP3 5AQ, United Kingdom
+44 1722 716607
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About Salisbury

Salisbury

 

 

 

Salisbury (various pronunciations, but locally /ˈsɔːzbri/sawz-bree) is acathedral city in Wiltshire, England, and the only city within the county. It is the 2nd-largest settlement in the county with a population of 40 302,between Chippenham at 35 800 and Swindon at 209 156.

The city is located in the southeast of Wiltshire, near the edge of Salisbury Plain. Its cathedral was formerly located to the north at Old Sarum; following its relocation, a settlement grew up around it, drawing residents from Old Sarum and Wilton. The new town received its city charter in 1227 under the name New Sarum, which continued to be its official name until 2009, when the Salisbury City Council was established. It sits at the confluence of five rivers: the Nadder, Ebble, Wylye, and Bourne are tributary to the HampshireAvon, which flows to the south coast and into the sea at Christchurch inDorset. Salisbury railway station serves the city and is a regional interchange, marking the crossing point between the West of England Main Line and the Wessex Main Line.

Stonehenge, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury and greatly aids the local economy. The city itself,Old Sarum, the present cathedral and the ruins of the former one also attract visitors.

 

 

 

View From Harnham Hill, Salisbury - geograph.org.uk - 1587145.jpg
Salisbury Cathedral from Harnham Hill

 

 

 

 

History

 



John Constable, watercolor, 30cm×48.7cm, 1834, Victoria & Albert Museum. 

The ruined hillfort at Old Sarum in an 1834 watercolor by John Constable
 
A reconstruction of Old Sarum in the 12th century


 

 

 

Old Sarum

 

 

The hilltop at Old Sarum lies near the Neolithic sites of Stonehenge and Aveburyand shows some signs of early settlement. It commanded a salient between theRiver Bourne and the Hampshire Avon near a crossroads of several early trade routes. During the Iron Age, a hillfort (oppidum) was constructed around it sometime between 600 and 300 bc. The Romans may have occupied the site or left it in the hands of an allied tribe. Amid the Saxon invasions, Old Sarum fell to KingCynric of Wessex in 552. Preferring settlements in bottomland like nearby Wilton, the Saxons largely ignored Old Sarum until the Viking invasions led King Alfred to restore its fortifications. Along with Wilton, however, it was abandoned by its residents to be sacked and burned by the Dano-Norwegian king Sweyn Forkbeard in 1003. It subsequently became the site of Wilton's mint. Following the Norman invasion, a motte-and-bailey castle was constructed by 1070. The castle was held directly by the Norman kings; its castellan was generally also the sheriff of Wiltshire.

In 1075, the Council of London established Herman as the first bishop of Salisbury, uniting his former sees of Sherborne and Ramsbury into a single diocese which covered the counties of Dorset, Wiltshire, and Berkshire. (He had earlier planned to move his seat to Malmesbury but was blocked by its monks andEarl Godwin.) Hermann and his successor Saint Osmund began the construction of the first Salisbury cathedral but neither lived to see its completion in 1092. Osmund was a cousin of William the Conqueror and Lord Chancellor ofEngland; he was responsible for the codification of the Sarum Rite, the compilation of the Domesday Book (which was probably presented to William at Old Sarum), and—after centuries of advocacy from Salisbury's bishops—was finally canonized by Pope Callixtus III in 1457. The cathedral was consecrated on 5 April 1092 but suffered extensive damage in a storm, traditionally said to have occurred only five days later. Bishop Roger was a close ally of Henry I who served as his viceroy during the king's absence to Normandy and directed the royal administration and exchequer along with his extended family. He refurbished and expanded Old Sarum's cathedral in the 1110s and began work on a royal palace during the 1130s, prior to his arrest by Henry's successor Stephen. After this arrest, the castle at Old Sarum was allowed to fall into disrepair but the sheriff and castellan continued to administer the area under the king's authority

 

 



Salisbury

 

 

The 1972 Local Government Act eliminated the administration of the City of New Sarum under its former charters, but its successor—Wiltshire County's Salisbury District—continued to be accorded its former city status. The name was finally formally emended from "New Sarum" to "Salisbury" during the 2009 changes occasioned by the 1992 Local Government Act, which established the Salisbury City Council.

 

 

 

Economy

 


 

The 15th-century Poultry Crossoriginally marked the section of the market trading in poultry.

 

 

 

Salisbury holds a market on Tuesdays and Saturdays and has held markets regularly since 1227. In the 15th century the Market Place had three crosses. ThePoultry Cross whose name describes its market. The cheese and milk cross indicated that market which was in the triangle between the HSBC bank and the Salisbury Library. There was a third cross near the site of the present war memorial and this marked a woolen and yarn market. A fourth cross called Barnwell or Barnards Cross was situated around the Culver Street, Barnard Street area, this marked a cattle and livestock market.[52] Today only the Poultry Cross remains, to which flying buttresses were added in 1852.

In 1226, King Henry III granted the Bishop of Salisbury a charter to hold a fair lasting 8 days from the Feast of the Assumption of Mary (15 August). Over the centuries the dates for the fair have moved around, but in its modern guise, a funfair is now held in the Market Place for three days from the third Monday in October. However, there is still an ancient law stating that the fair can be held in the Cathedral Close.

From 1833 to its demolition in the mid-1980s, the Salisbury Gas Light & Coke Company, who ran the city's gasworks, were one of the major employers in the area.The company was formed in 1832 with a share capital of £8,000, and its first chairman was The 3rd Earl of Radnor. The company was incorporated by a private Act of Parliament in 1864, and the Gas Orders Confirmation Act 1882 empowered the company to raise capital of up to £40,000. At its peak, the gasworks were producing not only coal gas but also coke which was sold off as the by-product of gas-making. Ammonical liquor which came out as another by-product in the making of gas, was mixed with sulphuric acid, dried and ground to make a powder which was sold as an agricultural fertiliser. The clinker from the retort house was sold to a firm in London to be used as purifier beds in the construction of sewage works .

Shopping centres include The Old George Mall, The Maltings, Winchester Street and the Crosskeys precinct. Major employers include Salisbury District Hospital and Friends Life.







Schools

 

 

There are numerous schools around the area of Salisbury, including located in Salisbury Cathedral Close, Leaden Hall School for Girls Leaden Hall School and Salisbury Cathedral School. Other schools in the city include the Chafyn Grove School, Leehurst Swan School, the Godolphin senior and prep school, St Edmund's Girls' SchoolSarum Academy and Stonehenge Comprehensive School. Salisbury also includes the only two grammar schools in Wiltshire: South Wilts Grammar School for Girls and Bishop Wordsworth's School, which is for boys.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salisbury



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