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Honkin' Harmonica Shop 59 Whin Bank, Scarborough, North Yorkshire, YO12 5LD, UK. Scarborough EN YO12 5LD
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J Dixon S Dodgson Carr House Lane, Cayton, Scarborough, North Yorkshire YO11 3SS, United Kingdom
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Aqua Solutions Plumbing and Heating Scarborough, North Yorkshire County, United Kingdom
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Goldrush 5 Valley Bridge Parade, Town Centre, Scarborough YO11 2PF, United Kingdom
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Yorkshire Blinds Station Rd, Cayton, Scarborough YO11 1TJ, United Kingdom
+44 800 915 5037
Arran Wright Plumbing & Heating 171 Overdale, Eastfield, Scarborough YO11 3HE, United Kingdom
+44 1723 583510
Rita Taylor English for Academic and General Purposes Scarborough, North Yorkshire, United Kingdom
+44 7875 185026
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About Scarborough

Scarborough, North Yorkshire

 

 

Scarborough is a town on the North Seacoast of North Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the North Riding of Yorkshire, the town lies between 10–230 feet (3–70 m) above sea level, rising steeply northward and westward from the harbour on to limestonecliffs. The older part of the town lies around the harbour and is protected by a rocky headland.

With a population of just over 61,000, Scarborough is the largest holiday resort on the Yorkshire coast. The town has fishing and service industries, including a growing digital and creative economy, as well as being a tourist destination. Inhabitants of the town are known as Scarborians.

 

 

Scarborough, North Yorkshire. (4 of 7).jpg

 

 

 

 

 

Geography

 

 

 

 

Panorama of South Bay
The promontory with its castle, viewed from the south.

 

 

 

 

 

The most striking feature of the town's geography is a high rocky promontory pointing eastward into the North Sea. The promontory supports the 11th-century ruins of Scarborough Castle and separates the seafront into two bays, to the north and south.

Scarborough's South Bay from Cliff Street

The South Bay was the site of the original early medieval settlement and the harbour, which form the current 'old town' district. This remains the main tourist area, with a sandy beach, cafés, amusements, arcades, theatres and entertainment facilities. The modern commercial town centre has migrated 440 yards (400 m) north-west of the harbour area and 100 feet (30 m) above it, and contains the transport hubs, main services, shopping and nightlife. The harbour has undergone major regeneration including the new Albert StrangePontoons, a more pedestrian-friendly promenade, street lighting and seating.

 

 

 

 

 

The North Bay

 

 

 

 

The North Bay has traditionally been the more peaceful end of the resort and is home to Peasholm Park which in June 2007 was restored to its Japanese-themed glory, complete with reconstructed pagoda.[5] For many years, a mock maritime battle (based on the Battle of the River Plate) has been regularly re-enacted on the boating lake with large model boats and fireworks throughout the summer holiday season. The North Bay Railway is a miniature railway which runs from the park through Northstead Manor Gardens to the Sea Life Centre at Scalby Mills. The North Bay Railway has what is believed to be the oldest operational diesel hydraulic locomotive in the world. Neptune was built in 1931 by Hudswell Clarke of Leeds and is conveniently numbered 1931.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

History

 

 

Origins

 

 

The town was reportedly founded around 966 AD as Skarðaborg by Thorgils Skarthi, a Viking raider, though there is no archaeological evidence to support these claims made during the 1960s, as part of a pageant of Scarborough events. The origin of this belief is a fragment of an Icelandic Saga. In the 4th century there had briefly been a Roman signal station on Scarborough headland and there is evidence of much earlier Stone Age and Bronze Age settlements. However, any new settlement was soon burned to the ground by a rival band of Vikings under Tosti (Tostig Godwinson), Lord of Falsgrave, and Harald III of Norway. The destruction and massacre meant that very little remained to be recorded in the Domesdaysurvey of 1085. The original inland settlement of Falsgrave was also a Saxon village rather than a Viking one.

 

 

Resort development

 

 

 

Scarborough and its castle changed hands seven times between Royalists and Parliamentarians during the English Civil War of the 1640s, enduring two lengthy and violent sieges. Following the civil war, much of the town lay in ruins.

In 1626, Elizabeth Farrow discovered a stream of acidic water running from one of the cliffs to the south of the town. This gave birth to Scarborough Spa, and Dr Wittie's book about the spa waters published in 1660 attracted a flood of visitors to the town. Scarborough Spa became Britain's first seaside resort, though the first rolling bathing machines were not noted on the sands until 1735.

The coming of the Scarborough–York railway in 1845 increased the tide of visitors.Scarborough railway station claims a record for the world's longest platform seat.

Growing influx of visitors convinced a young architect (John Gibson) with an eye to the future to open Scarborough's first purpose-built hotel. In 1841 a railway link between York and Scarborough was being talked of and he decided that the area above the popular Spa building could be developed. He designed and laid the foundations of a 'hotel'. (This was a new name derived from the word 'hostel' which would serve the same purpose but would be bigger and finer than the traditional inns). Gibson then passed the construction of this hotel to the newly formed South Cliff Building Company. On Tuesday, 10 June 1845 Scarborough's first hotel was opened—a marketing coup at the time, as the Grand Hotel, soon to be Europe's largest, was not yet finished.

 

 

 

Architecture

 

 

When the Grand Hotel was completed in 1867 it was one of the largest hotels in the world and one of the first giant purpose-built hotels in Europe. Four towers represent the seasons, 12 floors represent the months, 52 chimneys represent the weeks and originally 365 bedrooms represented the days of the year. A blue plaque outside marks where the novelist Anne Brontë died in 1849. She was buried in the graveyard of St Mary's Church by the castle.

The town has a fine Anglican church, St. Martin-on-the-Hill, built in 1862–63 as the parish church of South Cliff. It contains works by Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Morris, Edward Burne-Jones and Ford Madox Brown.

 

 

 

Transport

 

 

 

 

 

Scarborough has four major roads serving the town; these also link it to other major towns and cities.

Scarborough railway station is close to the town centre and runs services from York,LeedsManchester and Liverpool on the North TransPennine route and from Hull on the Yorkshire Coast Line. In the Summer, services also run from London. It has the longest station seat in the world at 152 yards (139 m) in length. The town used to be connected to Whitby via the Scarborough and Whitby Railway along the Yorkshire coast, however this was closed down in 1965 due to the Beeching cuts.

Scarborough has 25 main bus routes, operated by Scarborough and DistrictArriva North East and Yorkshire Coastliner. These link the town centre with its suburbs and local towns, LeedsYorkHullMiddlesbrough and the North York Moors. The town is served by two Park and Rideservices, located on the A64 and A165. Buses run from each terminus to the town centre and South Bay at least every 12 minutes seven days a week, with stopping points around the town centre. Buses from the Filey Road terminus on the A165 also stop at the University. Open top tourist buses also run along the sea front and Marine Drive, linking the South and North bays.

Although the town has no ferry services, there are transport links to Hull which runs frequent services to northern Europe.

 

 

 

Culture

 

Scarborough has a wide cultural scene, spread across the town and seafront. It draws people not only from around the country, but from across the world.

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

Live theatre

 

 

Dramatist Alan Ayckbourn is based in Scarborough where he has lived for a number of years. He has produced seventy five plays in Scarborough and was the artistic director of the famous Stephen Joseph Theatre, where almost all his plays receive their first performance, Chris Monks took over as artistic director in 2009. The town also plays host to the annual National Student Drama Festival, which takes place at the Stephen Joseph Theatre, the Spa Centre and other venues around the town. The Open Air Theatre, seating 6,500, has been recently restored, and was officially opened by The Queen on 20 May 2010. The YMCA Theatre is an amateur theatre seating 290, it is very-well equipped hosting around 35 productions each year including musicals and dance shows.

 

 

 

Cinema

 

 

As of 2014, Scarborough has two cinemas, the Hollywood Plaza and the Stephen Joseph Theatre.

A third, the Futurist Theatre closed its doors in January 2014 when the operators' lease expired.

 

 

 

 

Creative arts and museums

 

 

 

Scarborough has a long-established museum and visual arts facilities. Wood End Museum, the former home of The Sitwells, was converted into a creative centre including workspace for artists and the digital cluster, plus an exhibition space.The Rotunda Museum underwent a multi-million-pound redevelopment to become a national centre for geology. 2006 also saw the formation of a creative industries network called 'Creative Coast' comprising artists, designers, writers and other creatives with the shared vision of a culturally vibrant economy on the North Yorkshire coast. 

Scarborough has a considerable graffiti culture, with as many as 20 'writers' currently active. There are two areas where graffiti art is legal in Scarborough, Sainsbury's basketball courts / all-weather pitch, and Falsgrave Park wall. Both have seen many collaborations and murals.


 

 

Education

 

 

 


The town has a small higher education institution, the University of Hull: Scarborough Campus, and is home to Yorkshire Coast College and Scarborough Sixth Form College. The five main state secondary schools in Scarborough are Graham SchoolGeorge Pindar SchoolScalby School, Raincliffe School which formally closed on 31 August 2012, and St Augustine's Roman Catholic School, the last being rated as outstanding in a recent Ofsted report.

Scarborough is also home to two private schools, Scarborough College (for ages 3 to 18 years) and Bramcote Junior School (ages 4 to 13 years). Bramcote faced closure in 2009 despite releasing equity by mortgaging the four acre site. Scarborough College abolished A-levels and has been an International Baccalaureate (IB) World School since June 2006.

Scarborough International School of English, established in 1968 is accredited by the British Council and members of English UK and English UK North. The school offers English Language courses to students from around the world.

There is also a private international language school called Anglolang, established in 1985, which teaches the English language to overseas students, companies, educational institutions, organised groups and individuals.

Education in Scarborough is notable for its commitment to the digital economy with 2006 seeing the formation of the University of Hull's School of Arts and New Media at the Scarborough Campus. Scarborough is one of the UK mainland's first wireless campuses.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scarborough,_North_Yorkshire


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